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Types and Methodes by Classification

For an easy orientation all teaching and learning types and methods as well as the assessment methods from the database are listed by this classification on this page. In the tables some essential information is given only. The individual whole information about the types and methods you can reach by the highlighted page names in the first column of the table.

Teaching and learning types

Pagename of type or methodeshort descriptionbest practice examples
type-method_001In-class teaching/lecturesWell-structured lectures executed in the classroom for introduction, presentation and discussion of key theoretical aspects, standards, operational rules, and similar for medium size and big size groupsbp_1_type_in-class_teaching_or_lectures_1.pdf, bp_2_type_in-class_teaching_or_lectures_2.pdf, bp_3_type_in-class_teaching_or_lectures_3.pdf
type-method_005Invitation of guest lecturers/expertsDelivering the teaching content by university non-academic experts and professionals, coupling the course content to stakeholders and applicationsbp_10_type_invitation_of_guest_lecturers_experts_1.pdf, bp_11_type_invitation_of_guest_lecturers_experts_2.pdf
type-method_004Online teaching and learning- Type where teaching process is delivered remotely through online platforms
- Level of implementation is very different (starting from sharing learning material (produced in advance) via a static online platform up to interactive and synchronic virtual classrooms delivery)
bp_8_type_online_teaching_and_learning_1.pdf, bp_9_type_online_teaching_and_learning_2.pdf
type-method_006Practical learning/internship- Type of learning provided outside a university in a practical and real-live working context
- Duration can be a few weeks or a whole semester
- Can be an integrated part of the curriculum
bp_12_type_practical_learning_internship_1.pdf, bp_13_type_practical_learning_internship_2.pdf, bp_14_type_practical_learning_internship_3.pdf
type-method_007Self-learningType of learning where students learn on their own without influence by teachers during that timebp_15_type_self-learning_1.pdf, bp_16_type_self-learning_2.pdf
type-method_002Seminars- Type of small and medium sized group teaching (approx. 5 - 30 persons) with huge share of interaction between the students
- Mostly in the classroom in an in-class teaching situation, but not necessarily
- No front-of-class teaching instead of that tutor guide on the side or meddler in the middle, sometimes student-led
- Research seminars: Can as well be a format to show students ongoing research activities of internal or external researchers or to let the students present research publications to each other
bp_4_type_seminars_1.pdf, bp_5_type_seminars_2.pdf
type-method_008SupervisionMaking it possible for students to learn under close supervision by tutor/supervisorbp_17_type_supervision.pdf
type-method_003Tutorials/practices- Teaching sessions targeted to the application of the theoretical concepts presented in the lectures
- Type suited to stabilize and consolidate theoretical aspects and to transfer from knowing to skill/applications
- These could include time to work individually or in student groups to solve the exercises before receiving a solution proposal from the educator
bp_6_type_tutorials_practices_1.pdf, bp_7_type_tutorials_practices_2.pdf

Teaching and learning methods

Pagename of type or methodeshort descriptionbest practice examples
type-method_009Brainstorming/brainwritingA group creativity technique, method that can often be used to generate and collect new ideas, prior knowledge and associations on a specific topicbp_18_method_brainstorming_brainwriting.pdf
type-method_013Case study- A case study presents the learner with a "case" that describes a problematic situation (usually fictitious or historical)
- The task then is to work out a solution.
- It is important that the learners independently work out a solution to the problem on the basis of case material
bp_24_method_case_study_1.pdf, bp_25_method_case_study_2.pdf
type-method_025Desktop studiesStudents use freely available online software/platforms when solving problem tasks and obtain freely available information needed to solve the given problembp_41_method_desktop_studies.pdf
type-method_010DiscussionDevelopment of a theme in an informal exchange of ideas, opinions and information, carried out by the group of students led by the teacher or another student who acts as a guide and questioner (the director)bp_19_method_discussion.pdf
type-method_012Experiment- A scientific method to discover new facts, test a hypothesis, or demonstrate an already known fact
- It relies on repeatable hands-on tests or investigations that are meant to demonstrate a cause-effect relationship, or further analysing the effect of different variables in the problem at hand
type-method_018Flipped classroomMethod in which the learning content is read by the learners before the lecture, and the physical meeting in the classroom is used for activities that more actively engage the students such as applying the theory in practical cases or teaching and discussing more advanced conceptsbp_30_method_flipped_classroom.pdf
type-method_030Group workWorking in small groups for interactive learning experience (actually a social form and not a method) and learning teamworkbp_46_method_group_work.pdf
type-method_014In-class "Questions & Answers" sessions- Open lecture or seminar where students can freely ask questions to teachers, instructors, assistants, etc.
- The teacher can ask for students to send questions beforehand, take them during the session, or have a set of questions prepared in case students don't have specific ones
type-method_026Involvement of students in research activities/eventsStudent participation and attendance in regular scientific processes (e. g. conferences, events, scientific project work)bp_42_method_involvement_of_students.pdf
type-method_016Laboratory exercisePractical exercises in individual (or in small groups) done in a laboratory to deepen and to apply theoretical aspectsbp_27_method_laboratory_exercise_1.pdf, bp_28_method_laboratory_exercise_2.pdf
type-method_015Listening taskGuided note-taking, composing questions of activity that the learner does while listeningbp_26_method_listening_task.pdf
type-method_027Literature reviewResearch and analysis of various sources of literature on a topicbp_43_method_literature_review.pdf
type-method_019Paper discussionLearners review a scientific paper about a recent research topic at home before all together discuss the key aspects learned in classbp_31_method_paper_discussion.pdf
type-method_028Poster- Large-format print that serves to convey information to the public about results
- Usually supported with an in-person short pitch for driving the readers to the highlights
- Serves as a way of consolidating the student learning into a compact visual format, promoting reflection
type-method_020PresentationPresentation of some outcome in classbp_32_method_presentation_1.pdf, bp_33_method_presentation_2.pdf
type-method_031Problem solvingStructured problem-solving methodology that is mainly used to identify, correct, and eliminate recurring problemsbp_47_method_problem_solving.pdf
type-method_021Project work- Learning is organised around complex tasks or projects arising from a technical or societal challenge
- Students individually or in groups self-direct towards a specific objective, including several phases from planing, implementation, result reporting, etc.
type-method_029Self reflectionLearning activity where one takes time to reflect, think about or evaluate ones own learning process and level in relation to the intended learning outcomesbp_45_method_self-reflection.pdf
type-method_022Simulation- Recreation of real scenarios for training purposes
- Use of modern simulators for training and planning of processes, e.g. for costs or safety related aspects
bp_35_method_simulation_1.pdf, bp_36_method_simulation_2.pdf
type-method_023Small practice and calculation exercisesTask specific exercises with real examples executed in classroom to apply theoretical conceptsbp_38_method_small_practice_calculation_exercises_1.pdf, bp_39_method_small_practice_calculation_exercises_2.pdf
type-method_024Student feedback/reviewOpen feedback to a person or group about how their behaviour is perceived and interpreted by othersbp_40_method_student_feedback_review.pdf
type-method_011Technical visits/field trips- Technical visit of a real factory, company, on-site infrastructure (outside classroom and university) with introduction, explanation of what is seen
- Excursion where staff applies into practice methods and concepts that were previously taught at university
- Looking back, many students describe technical visits as a highlight of their studies
bp_20_method_technical_visits_field_trips_1.pdf, bp_21_method_technical_visits_field_trips_2.pdf, bp_22_method_technical_visits_field_trips_3.pdf
type-method_017Use of multimedia materialUsing didactic material which combines different media types as there are videos, audio, animations, graphics, textbp_29_method_use_of_multimedia_material.pdf

Assessment methods

Pagename of type or methodeshort descriptionbest practice examples
type-method_038Case study- Solving a described problematic situation ("the case")
- Grading of the students' results of the teaching and learning method case study
type-method_032Closed book exam/written exam (on campus)Exam that is taken without additional resources or without the use of your textbookbp_48_assessment_method_closed_book_exam_1.pdf, bp_49_assessment_method_closed_book_exam_2.pdf
type-method_034CourseworkWork that is assigned or performed as part of a course of studybp_52_assessment_method_coursework.pdf
type-method_033Open book exam or homework (online or offline)- Exam or homework where it is allowed to use all material
- Can be grading exercises that the students solve in small groups every 2-3 weeks for a module in which basic engineering knowledge is taught
- Can be an open book exam in which students respond to exam questions available via the internet in an electronic portal.
bp_50_assessment_method_open_book_exam_or_homework_1.pdf, bp_51_assessment_method_open_book_exam_or_homework_2.pdf
type-method_037Oral exam- Assessment practice where the students demonstrates their knowledge orally. It typically involves the evaluator posing questions to the evaluated student
- Interactive interview complemented with presentation of practices developed by single students or groups of them as a powerful system to check the knowledge acquisition level
bp_57_assessment_method_oral_exam_1.pdf, bp_58_assessment_method_oral_exam_2.pdf, bp_59_assessment_method_oral_exam_3.pdf
type-method_039Performance in laboratoryPractical solving of a task in a laboratorybp_61_assessment_method_performance_in_laboratory_1.pdf, bp_62_assessment_method_performance_in_laboratory_2.pdf
type-method_035Presentation- A talk to a group giving information about something
- Evaluation of knowledge on oral form where the student declares the results of his work or e.g. the results of continuos research
bp_53_assessment_method_presentation_1.pdf, bp_54_assessment_method_presentation_2.pdf
type-method_036Project related/problem solving tasksProcess of defining a problem, determining its cause, and implementing a solutionbp_55_assessment_method_project_related_problem_solving_tasks_1.pdf, bp_56_assessment_method_project_related_problem_solving_tasks_2.pdf
type-method_040Self-assessment mock-up exams- Exams similar to the actual final examination that are available for the students to solve on their own, sometimes including a valid solution; or are solved in a scheduled activity
- The objective is that students can self-assess and act accordingly on their learning process
- It is a purely formative assessment, cannot be used directly as summative assessment
bp_63_assessment_method_self-assessment_1.pdf, bp_64_assessment_method_self-assessment_2.pdf
type-method_041Work on individual assignmentsSolving individual tasks for each student, including a description of the problem, methodology and results of the solutionbp_65_assessment_method_work_on_individual_assignments.pdf
astonrail_handbook/hei_teachers/types_and_methods_by_classification.txt · Last modified: 2023/06/22 17:09 by martin_l